After the founding of People's Republic of China, great changes have taken place in Kashgar Prefecture. As an important gateway for China, Kashgar is geographically the land passage opening up to central, south and west Asia and Europe. Since the reform and opening up, Kashgar puts big effort to develop its export-oriented economy, and tries to build it the core along the modern Silk Road.
Kashgar of XJ, China borders on Pakistan, Afghanistan and Kyrgyzstan. Together with other prefectures, it has 5 category A ports and one category B port. Tayir is a merchant from Tajikistan. He has engaged in import and export trade in Kashgar for more than 10 years. He says that, every month, he transports two containers of building materials valuing about 2.5 mln yuan from China's Kashgar to Tajikistan.
TAYIR TAJIKISTAN MERCHANT:
"In the previous, my annual trade value was 2 to 3 mln yuan. Now, it is much convenient here,so my business is better. In one year, the imported building materials can value more than 12 mln yuan."
With complete service functions, consummate customs clearance and the import and export products bases, a new pattern of export-oriented economy has formed in Kashgar, and the proportion taken by export-oriented economy increases gradually.
MENG WEIPING DIRECTOR KASHGAR CUSTOMS:
"In 2005, the cargo handling capacity of ports in south XJ was less than 700,000 tons, while now the yearly cargo handling capacity is increasing by 100,000 to 200,000 tons. In 2008, the cargo handling capacity reached 1.62 mln tons, and the value of import and export trade was 9.6 bln USD, taking up nearly one half of XJ's total in the year."
In order to build Kashgar as center in the central and south Asian economic circle, in 2005,China Kashgar Central & South Asia Commodity Fair opened for the 1st time.Since then, through the Fair, every year, there are averagely 150 enterprises from east and west China settling in Kashgar. Also through this platform, Kashgar has established economic and trade relationship with 19 countries and regions, as well as enterprises of more than 20 inland provinces and cities.
With the rapid development of export-oriented economy, the comprehensive strength of Kashgar Prefecture has been enhanced and it sees earthshaking changes. In 2008, the total production value of the prefecture reached 27.76 bln Yuan, a rise of 328 times against that in 1949. The local revenue reached 1.079 bln Yuan, up by 470 times against that of 1949. The total output value of agriculture reached 20.86 bln Yuan, up by 213 times against 1949, the per capita net income of farmers, 2,870 Yuan, a rise of 56 times against that of 1949.